5. Native Manitoba
Plants - A List
Adapted from: NATIVE MANITOBA PLANTS in Bog, Bush and Prairie
Manitoba Agriculture, revised 1982.
Author: Hector Macdonald
as a pdf...)
TREES AND SHRUBS
Blue-fly honeysuckle 4 – the blue-black berry is edible
This shrub, in general, is unlike many of its
honeysuckle relatives in that it produces an edible, tasty,
blueberry-like fruit. It typically grows to 4-6’ tall and as wide.
Opposite, elliptic to ovate, glaucous green leaves (each to 2-3” long)
have slightly wavy leaf margins. Pale yellowish-white flowers (to 5/8”
long) bloom in late spring to early summer (April-June) in pairs along
the shoots. Fruits ripen in early summer to deep blue with
reddish-purple insides. Fruits are pruinose with an oval-teardrop to
almost-globose shape. Variability in growing characteristics results in
part from the large geographic distribution of this shrub. It's
invasive in North America.
Bog Myrtle – fragrant crushed leaves – used to perfume clothes in
storage and repel moths
Buck thorn – berries edible??
Buffalo Berry – round, sour berries used for jelly. Described as
High Bush Cranberry
Adam Lake Trail
Manitoba Maple - early settlers made sugar from sap
Mountain Ash - bitter red berries can be used for jelly
Paper Birch - canoes
Pin Cherry - jelly
Red Berried Elder
Prunus pumila, commonly called sand cherry, is a
North American species of cherry in the rose family. It is widespread
in eastern and central Canada from New Brunswick west to Saskatchewan
and the northern United States from Maine to Montana, south as far as
Colorado. It grows in sandy locations such as shorelines and dunes.
Prunus pumila is a deciduous shrub that grows to 0.61–1.83 metres (2–6
feet) tall depending on the variety. The fruit is a small cherry 13–15
mm in diameter, ripening to dark purple in early summer.
Sumach - used for tanning leather
VINES AND CLIMBERS
Indian Hemp - fibres used for snare making
Jewel Weed - used for poison ivy
Wild Ginger - Indians used this plant as medicine
FERNS AND MOSSES
Club Moss 36 - used as diapers in the bottom of baby
carriers – absorbent/had some qualities to prevent rashes
LAKE, STREAM AND MUSKEG PLANTS
MOIST PRAIRIE PLANTS
Jerusalem Artichoke - fleshy roots used as a
Sunflower - the root served as wild potato
Wild Liquorice - edible roots
DRY PRAIRIE PLANTS
Indian Bread Root
Senega Root - thick roots sold for medicinal purposes
Wild Parsley - large deep tap rot used as food
Photos and information about plants listed are readily available via a
Google search. We have included just a few samples, including
some taken by the author.
Further research into each plant could lead to a full profile including
more local photos and maps of the locations.