Timeline... 1890 - 1899

The World

World’s Columbia Exposition (World Fair) opens in Chicago in 1893 – to commemorate the 400th Anniversary of Columbus’s arrival in the new world (1492). Featured prominently are exhibits highlighting the possibilities of electricity.


1891: The end of the John A. McDonald era.

1896: Gold discovered in the Klondike.


Manitoba School’s Question divides the nation as governments decide on the future of French Language instruction in schools.
The Manitoba Government authorizes the formation of local Farmer’s Institutes and provides some grants. The goal is to improve farming practices.

The Farmer’s Institute Act - 1890 – offers support to local farm groups.

Hartney and the R.M. of Cameron

A decade of Growth – Fire - Rebuilding


William McDonald moves his blacksmith shop from the Hartney farm into town.
William Hopkins builds the three-storey James Hopkins General Store which lapter became the Hartney Hotel.

The first C.P.R. train from Brandon reaches Hartney Dec. 25, 1890 – the town was already well on its way to becoming the commercial centre of the district

Methodist Church built



91.01.29 Brandon Sun


91.05.28 Brandon Sun

Joseph Young builds a house on Poplar Avenue facing Spencer later veneered with brick to become the 1st brick veneer house in town.

Local Business Established in 1891:

Beuttner Bros shop established - tinsmith / furnaces.
Henry Galbraith buys Mr. Young’s Hotel renamed The Commercial Hotel & Livery Stable –  applies for liquor license, but denied due to temperance sentiment.
Dr. McEown sells his Drugstore to Dr.Woodhull on the condition that Dr. Woodhull not establish a medical practice in competition. Woodhull Drug Store established.


91.01.29 Brandon Sun

Map of the Province of Manitoba Showing the Division into Provincial Counties (1893)
Image Courtesy of University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

When the line was finally built the name Airdrie was assigned to the new station. Local residents protested and the name was changed to Hartney

Lacrosse Team organized by Woodhull & William Hopkins.
Batty & livery Stable – lost in 2 fires.
Aug 12 - Masonic Lodge of Hartney formed.
Meglund Church built.

A band of Yankton Sioux moves north into Sioux Valley, but are expelled by the Indian Council at this Reserve.  They then move down the Souris Valley living in the Lauder-Hartney sandhill area for sometime.  By 1893 they hav established a camp in the Moose Mountains.  Here they find themselves sharing a forested region with their old enemies, the Rebel Assiniboines, who had broken away from the Yanktons in the 17th century.


Local Business Established in 1892:

W.E. Crawford -  jewellery store.
Festus Chapin -  implements - the first of a succession of businesses.

Richard Shore - John Deere dealer
William Osborne - insurance, real estate, notary, conveyancer
Dr. Graham
G.S. Hallen as lawyer & wife as piano teacher
Charles Batty’s Tailor Shop

Brass Band formed – Dr. Woodhull as leader.
First School  opens in a room over Chapin’s implement dealership.
First school built – replacing Webb – still called Webb School.
Anglican congregation formed under Rev. Wm Butterworth
Presbyterian Church (St. Paul’s) built


Presbyterian Church – built 1892

The Canadian Order of Foresters No. 347 formed as Court Napinka; amalgamated with others
William Laughland wins Diploma at 1902 World Fair in Paris. This prompted requests for Red Fife Wheat.


92.06.23 Brandon Sun


Tennis Club formed

Farmers’ Institute established.  James Fee a founding member. It served as a forum for farmers. They met monthly – exchanged ideas took turns making presentations on area of expertise. 34 of the most progressive farmers  met at his house and signed the necessary petition.

H.C. Pierce establishes a Pump Factory

Local Business Established in 1893:

Doctor Woodhull (with Mr. Rutherford) establishes the Hartney Star in 1893. Operates it with his father and brother.
Publishes (and writes) a monthly called the  “Poultry Journal”, entering the poultry business to gain expertise. First issue of 600 copies

Hothman & John Blair livery stable opens
Clyde - Stallion & Horse breeding
Mrs. O’Brien and her sons open a small hotel.
McDonald’s livery stable
Isabey machine shop
1893 – Flour mill of Hammond & Leckie & merchant from Jackson City, Mich.
Spring and Fall millinery opening at local stores

Farmer’s Institute established in Hartney

Lillian May Dickson dies
Riverside Cemetery Co. established, It operated until 1910 then was handed over to town.
A  Bridge to cemetery wisbuilt
Population is 375
1st cream separator purchased by J.E. Maples
1st self feeder owned by Lockhart & Vandusen
Ed Hornibook has a mechanical band cutter
Tennis Club formed by  Rev. Butterworth
Hartney – Lauder Ag Society Established
Feb 16 - Charter given to Hartney Odd Fellows Lodge
Baptist Church built


Organized Curling begins
First Hockey Team formed
St. Andrew’s Anglican Church established.

H.C. Pierce Pump Factory manufactures 1000 pumps.

Hammond and Leckie begin construction of a Flour Mill



Alice and Ida Edwards establish a thriving dress-making business in Hartney. They had moved to the community from Melita by 1893.  


The Edwards Sisters

St. Andrew’s Anglican church built at a cost of $1500

Prairie fires are in the news.

The establishment of new buildings & new businesses continues.
1st hockey game is played and various sports are popular.
First curling in Hartney - club formed in 1895-96, winter.


The first formal dance is held.
Ed Hornibrook, an implement dealer, builds an outdoor  skating rink.
Government done through R.M. of Winchester.

Commercial Activity:

A big fire wipes out main business block in April.  Both hotels lost in the fire. Only Hunter’s Hardware, Woodhull’s drug store and Bradley’s General Store were left standing.

The  O’ Briens soon build a new hotel, the Avondale


Commercial Activity:

Harry Payne begins making brick west of town.


Harry Payne – brickmaker and businessman

A.E. Hill Store opens.
Flour Mill gets James Innes as miller & D. Lewers as engineer. Pipeline is built to the riverbank.
5 elevators in town / 8 grain buyers in town.
John Blair assumes postmaster duties (until 1904).
First  C.P.R. Agent: 1896 Charles Redpath.

Social Recreational Activity:

Checkers Club – organized by David Leckie.
Orange Lodge established.
Dancing Club – “Assemblies”.
Special Assembly held at the Chapin Hall.

Other Events:

R.M. of Cameron becomes a separate entity.


Ed Hornibrook prepares 2 curling sheets and a skating  rink
Rumours circulate about the extension of a Northern Pacific line through the region
New R.M. of Cameron  established from part of the R.M. of Winchester


Brass Band 1897


Webb School is renamed Hartney School.
A liquor license petition is disallowed prompting the O’Briens to leave the hotel business.
Local team wins Western Canada lacrosse Championship at Winnipeg.
Mrs. Logie organizes a choral society.

William Sackville discovers better clay on the NE corner of the section on which the town was built. William Kirkland, an experienced brickmaker works with him. It becomes a large enterprise.


William Kirkland came to make bricks and became a long-term Hartney citizen


Fire destroys Woodhull Drug Store.
The Star reports 25 threshing outfits and 150 men off excursion trains.
Hartney Machine and Motors established by Edmond Isabey.