Manitoba Maps / Pre-European Settlement

Map by Laurie - 1870  /  SW Manitoba Edit

S21. Laurie 1870 NWT

Laurie’s Map of the North-West Territories (1870)

Donald Codd emphasized the different ways of getting to Manitoba in this map of 1870. The routes from Lake Superior and St. Paul to Winnipeg are shown particularly well. The Dawson Route is correctly marked, even though it was not in operation until 1871, and the wagon road from Fort William to Lake Shebandowan is indicated. The St. Paul route is shown, along with a table of distances. Railroads are just being extended from St. Paul to Duluth, and from St. Paul to the Red River. Both points were reached during 1871, and also a direct line was being constructed in that year from Duluth to the Red River. The regular rectangular township survey which was in use in the United States, and was to be applied to Manitoba, can be seen in Minnesota. The map clearly reveals the later insertion of the name Manitobah brutally across the other features on the map. Codd has followed both Hind and Palliser as a source, and has fared better than Lionais in showing landforms; the Manitoba Escarpment is well done.
(Warkentin and Ruggles. Historical Atlas of Manitoba. map 95, p. 240)
Laurie’s Map of the North-West Territories Shewing the Surveys now made, and the Railway and other Routes thereto. Compiled by D. Codd, Ottawa. 1870. Scale 1 inch to 25 miles. Lithographed by Roberts, Reinhold & Co., Lith., Montreal.